Lack of infrastructure
In many school areas in Maputo there are either no intact sanitary facilities or they are in a desolate state. Therefore, many students avoid them, which leads to public defecation or children not going to school at all. In addition, there is often no infrastructure to wash hands and thus prevent the spread of diseases.
Girls of menstruating age are particularly affected
A lack of or inadequate sanitation infrastructure particularly affects girls of menstruating age. Many girls therefore stay away from school during menstruation, which increases the inequality of opportunity.
Globally, over 443 million school days are lost each year due to waterborne diseases.
40 % of diseases due to lack of access to sanitation and drinking water are transmitted in schools.
Less than 30 % of all schools have gender-separated toilets.
Lack of access to sanitation has a major impact on school life. Toilets are overloaded, students defecate outside and pathogens spread faster.
Girls and women are particularly affected by the lack of sanitary facilities. Sanitary products for menstruation are practically non-existent. Less than a third of schools offer gender-separated toilet facilities, which increases the risk of harassment or sexual assault. Many young women therefore stay away from school, which further reinforces the inequality of opportunity.
To improve the WASH situation in schools, we pursue three goals:
to provide students with an adequate learning environment with hygienic conditions
reduce gender inequality of opportunity
to effectively counter the spread of waterborne diseases
SAFE BASIC SANITATION
In cooperation with local partnership organisations, WfW facilitates the construction of gender-appropriate and hygienic toilet facilities.
In hygiene training courses, pupils and teachers learn how to use water sustainably, how to wash their hands correctly and are sensitised to social and societal issues related to water.