WfW | WATER AND GENDER
Image9

WATER AND GENDER

The worldwide phenomenon of discrimination against women and girls is also reflected through the example of water supply. It has a fundamental influence on the development of entire societies.


Water has a decisive influence on women's lives: from giving birth without sufficient water supply to limited participation in school lessons to hours spent procuring water. The latter means that women and girls have less time available to take advantage of educational opportunities and do paid work. This inequality of opportunities not only contradicts the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the UN, but affects the socio-economic development of the respective society.


Worldwide, women and girls spend 200 million hours a day procuring water.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, it is 16 million hours a day, whereas men spend 6 million hours on this task.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, children spend 4 million hours on this task.


Dsc8350 1

WATER PROCUREMENT

In Sub-Saharan Africa, 71% of tasks related to the use as well as the procurement of water are accounted for by women. In some countries this number is even higher at 90%.

Dsc2359

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Women and girls are often exposed to dangers such as violence, sexual assault and rape. Long walking distances related to the procurement of water and the lack of separated and safe sanitation facilities increase this risk.

Dsc4867

INSUFFICIENT HYGIENE

A lot of women and girls avoid public toilets due to unhygienic facilities and the lack of privacy. This is why many of them stay away from school during their menstruation or drop out completely.

For women and girls, insufficient access to clean water and sanitation leads to various problems. Long walking distances related to the procurement of water and the lack of separated and hygienic sanitation facilities increase the risk of violence or sexual assault. Women and girls avoid public toilets due to the lack of privacy and unhygienic facilities. As a result, they stay away from school especially during menstruation or drop out completely.


10-20% of young women in Africa do not go to school due to limited access to sanitation facilities.


Gender

Gender inequalities are found in poorer and wealthier societies alike. In Switzerland, wages are one example for this: women are on average paid 12% less than men, even if they have the same educational background and similar relevant work experience.

Although they are entrusted with responsible tasks, it is often necessary to remember how valuable and influential women are in development cooperation. For example, they are more willing than men to invest their savings in education, food and health. In respect to water, women's experiences with its use and their perspective on questions relating to its supply are essential. Due to the enormous relevance of water in their lives, women are of great value in any efforts towards a comprehensive and sustainable water supply. Yet, it is still often the case that only men are involved.


The efficiency of water projects is up to seven times higher when women are involved.


KEEP BROWSING

202102 Bauarbeiten Gondwe Etter Lior 08

PROJECTS AFRICA

In cooperation with local partner organisations, we improve the WASH situation through projects involving drinking ...
Dsc4806

PROJECT AEROPORTO B

By 2020, sanitary facilities and extensive hygiene training should significantly improve the public health of the n...
WASSERFUERWASSER_WfW_Glacier

GLOBAL SITUATION

More than 780 million people have no access to clean drinking water and 2.3 billion live without access to sanitary...