The Bairro Aeroporto B is located in the northwest of the city. As in the entire city of Maputo, the provision of basic sanitation is inadequate. Only approximately 10% of the people have access to sanitation facilities connected to the urban sewage system. The latrines in the remaining neighbourhoods are generally unsafe.
School Unidade 18
2500 pupils are educated in the primary school of Aeroporto B. There is no intact sanitary facility on the school grounds. Existing facilities are dilapidated and unhygienic. Many pupils therefore do not use them, practise public defecation or stay at home. Girls in particular are affected by the consequences of unhygienic toilets, which are not separated according to sex.
Pupils of the school Unidade 18 in Bairro Aeroporto B, Maputo
Together with local partner organisations, the basic sanitation facilities in the school and the immediate surroundings in the barrio are systematically improved.
RENOVATION OF SCHOOL TOILETS
The renovation and extension of the school's sanitary facilities will enable hygienic and gender-friendly use. Separate toilets for boys and girls will be introduced. The girls' toilets are lockable and contain rooms for washing and removing menstrual hygiene products.
MAINTENANCE & LOCAL OWNERSHIP
School employees are trained to maintain the newly built toilet facilities and receive tools for the level-based teaching of hygiene measures within the school. In addition, the school is provided with financial means for sanitary materials.
Partner organisations are building 50 community toilets. These toilets are connected to a waste water tank to ensure the hygienic disposal of waste. This reduces the risk of waterborne diseases. The construction of three municipal WC facilities also includes showers, washing facilities for clothes and safe drinking water access.
The community organisation AJUDEM supports the infrastructural measures with regular hygiene training for local residents. The health benefits of the new hygiene measures and the appropriate use of the new toilets are highlighted. The local population contributes financially to the project and participates in the planning.
Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP)
WSUP is a British multi-sector partnership active in seven African countries. The aim of WSUP is to work with urban water and sanitation companies to provide financially sustainable and affordable supply systems for poor urban areas. WfW works directly with WSUP Mozambique. WSUP is responsible for monitoring and controlling as well as the design of the projects financed by WfW.
AJUDEM is a neighbourhood association consisting of residents of the Bairro Aeroporto B and serves as an intermediary and partner in implementation. The association is involved in processes and decisions from the very beginning. Members are trained by experts and then carry out door-to-door awareness raising and hygiene training at Bairro.
2,500 students benefit directly from the renovated WC facility
50 community toilets and 3 communal WC facilities provide 840 residents with access to sanitary facilities
15,000 local residents are made aware through hygiene training courses
The city of Maputo is supplied with water from the nearby Pequenos Libombos reservoir. Due to the low level of precipitation in the meantime, the water level is around 25% of the total volume. As a result, some of the water has to be allocated by quotas. The Aeroporto B project is designed in such a way that a minimum of 3L can be guaranteed per day.
The proper use of sanitary facilities involves certain practices. These include, for example, the economical use of water, the correct washing of hands, the correct disposal of hygiene products or compliance with gender segregated facilities. The design of the toilets and the comprehensive awareness-raising measures therefore place a strong focus on these aspects and are intended to effectively prevent improper use.
Low water level at the most important reservoir of Mozambique